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Business Cycle Indicators, 16 October

Summary:
With the release of industrial production figures today, the deceleration in economic activity continues, according to some key indicators noted by the NBER’s Business Cycle Dating Committee (BCDC). Figure 1: Nonfarm payroll employment (dark blue), Bloomberg consensus for October as of 10/16 (light blue square), industrial production (red), personal income excluding transfers in Ch.2012$ (green), manufacturing and trade sales in Ch.2012$ (black), and monthly GDP in Ch.2012$ (pink), all log normalized to 2020M02=0. Source: BLS, Federal Reserve, BEA, via FRED, Macroeconomic Advisers (10/1 release), NBER, Bloomberg, and author’s calculations. Industrial production fell -0.6% m/m vs. Bloomberg consensus of +0.5%. The series was revised upward in August, so the level of industrial production

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With the release of industrial production figures today, the deceleration in economic activity continues, according to some key indicators noted by the NBER’s Business Cycle Dating Committee (BCDC).

Business Cycle Indicators, 16 October

Figure 1: Nonfarm payroll employment (dark blue), Bloomberg consensus for October as of 10/16 (light blue square), industrial production (red), personal income excluding transfers in Ch.2012$ (green), manufacturing and trade sales in Ch.2012$ (black), and monthly GDP in Ch.2012$ (pink), all log normalized to 2020M02=0. Source: BLS, Federal Reserve, BEA, via FRED, Macroeconomic Advisers (10/1 release), NBER, Bloomberg, and author’s calculations.

Industrial production fell -0.6% m/m vs. Bloomberg consensus of +0.5%. The series was revised upward in August, so the level of industrial production was still higher than the earlier estimate for August. Nonetheless, if it’s the trajectory that’s of interest, then this is not good news. Note that this decline is not driven by mining and/or utilities output decline. Manufacturing production fell -0.3 m/m vs. consensus of +0.7%.

Bloomberg consensus as of today for the October employment figures is 850K new jobs (as shown in blue square in Figure 1). I wonder if this number takes into account the surge in Covid-19 around the country. If one looks at the Covid-19 hospitalization figures, one has to wonder if employment growth — such as it is — can be maintained.

Figure 2: Nonfarm payroll employment (dark teal, left log scale), Bloomberg consensus for October as of 10/16 (light blue square) and Covid-19 hospitalizations through 10/15 (brown, right log scale). October hospitalizations log linearly interpolated from first half of October. Source: BLS, Covid Tracking Project accessed 10/16, and author’s calculations.

Menzie Chinn
He is Professor of Public Affairs and Economics at the University of Wisconsin, Madison

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